when should hydrangeas be pruned

Caring for fall blooming hydrangeas. For optimal blooms, this green-stemmed hydrangea should be pruned soon after the flowers have faded in late summer. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Read on to learn about climbing hydrangea pruning. Hydrangea macrophylla, H. serrata and H. quercifolia. Bigleaf Hydrangeas (Hydrangea macrophylla)Even though I’m located in Zone 5, my ‘Endless Summer’ mophead hydrangea—which usually has huge blue blossoms all summer long—was killed to the ground.Luckily, it has the wonderful ability to bloom on both old and new wood, so even though they were a bit later than usual, there were still many blooms. There are several species of hydrangeas commonly grown in New Hampshire, and all of them have very different growth habits and pruning requirements. Should your hydrangea be too large it is recommended that you prune it back in the early summer or the beginning of fall. Pruning Hydrangea Trees. “The five common hydrangea can be divided into two groups for pruning purposes: those that bloom on old wood and those that bloom on new wood.”. This fall blooming hydrangea can be pruned in the autumn since next year’s growth will produce blooms. Many gardeners are hesitant to prune hydrangeas because they think it is counterproductive to get rid of the blooms, but that couldn't be further from the truth. Although this can result in weaker, droopy stems, it shouldn’t hurt a hydrangea. Hydrangea paniculata and Hydrangea arborescens flower on the current season’s growth so they should be pruned in spring. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. When should hydrangeas be pruned? If you are hacking away at a branch, for example, you will leave multiple cuts in the wood and you run the risk of accidentally cutting into new, healthy wood where the new bud blooms likely are growing. Hydrangeas are excellent growers which usually don't require much if any pruning. Bloom on new wood: prune in late winter or early spring Pruning may not be needed every season. The plant can still bloom on new wood. Timing is everything! Because they bloom on new wood, prune these in early spring before they sprout new foliage. Generally, they are pruned in late summer, after blooming has ceased. Hydrangeas that bloom on old growth should only be pruned after flowering. If one is attempting to grow a paniculata as a tree, the developing trunk and main top branches should not be removed. If it has experienced winter dieback, prune back to below the point of injury. Pruning. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Hydrangeas are an exception to the rule that says shrubs that produce their flowers on the previous season’s growth should be pruned after flowering. Maintenance pruning: Cutting back hydrangea vines is best done immediately after flowering, before new buds appear. So consider limiting pruning every other year or every three years to ensure your hydrangea’s health and vigor. And I don’t offer winter protection, either, because I only grown varieties adapted to my conditions. Hydrangeas are beloved summer-blooming shrubs. Article by Crafty Little Gnome. “Pruning hydrangeas can be confusing because each species should be pruned at a different time of the year,” says Ken Johnson, University of Illinois Extension horticulture educator. They also can be heavily cut back in the fall. If you plan on preparing your hydrangeas for winter you can save some of the dead leaves and other compost matter to fill in the cage and protects the plants from the cold, but mix them with things like pine needles or oak leaves to add buoyancy. The biggest difference in how the different varieties are treated when it comes to pruning and winterizing, comes down to whether they like to be pruned in the fall, with their old growth (referred to as old wood) or pruned in the spring when the new growth appears (referred to as new wood). Examples of these types of hydrangeas are the Endless Summer, Let’s Dance series, and Tuff Stuff hydrangeas. Pruning is generally not required for the first 2-3 years. A lot of the information above smacks of hard work, so you might wonder what I do myself, as a laidback gardener, when it comes to pruning hydrangeas. In late winter or early spring, these shrubs can be cut all the way back to the ground. Regarding this, when should hydrangeas be pruned? Others bloom on new growth and should be pruned before they wake up in spring or as they are going dormant in winter Regardless, it is best to wait to prune all hydrangeas until spring. Endless Summer Hydrangeas should not be pruned in the fall. Wait any longer, and you risk removing the developing flower buds. Mophead hydrangeas are easily identifiable by their, large pink or blue blooms. The biggest difference in how the different varieties are treated when it comes to pruning and winterizing, comes down to whether they like to be pruned in the fall, with their old growth (referred to as old wood) or pruned in the spring when the new growth appears (referred to as new wood). If you prune these or the plants die back to the ground, you will have no flowers. While some plants bloom on new growth, others primarily set flower buds on old wood. Hydrangeas that bloom on old growth should only be pruned after flowering. Others bloom on new growth and should be pruned before as they are growing dormant in the fall but before they “wake up” in the spring. – J & k Digital Media Ltd, the owner of this website hydrangeaguide.com, is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking pyracantha.co.uk to Amazon properties including, but not limited to, amazon.co.uk. Not all hydrangeas should be pruned at the same time of year. More About Pruning Different Hydrangea Types. Bypass shears cut through hydrangea stems that are less than 1/2-inch in diameter, but use a small handheld pruning saw to cut through larger stems. How to Prune Hydrangeas. Prune old stems back to four buds. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. This may weaken the plant, however. But deciding when to give your hydrangea a manicure is based on the type you have and the purpose you are fulfilling. So wait until spring and hope for the best. Sometimes you’ll want to cut the plant back to within a couple inches of the ground. Cutting back after the foliage and growth has fallen off and protecting it against frost damage will allow your hydrangea to focus on conserving energy and then regrowing. Some hydrangeas bloom on new growth during the current year later in the season after July and should be pruned before they begin active development in early spring or late winter. Instead, prune them only in May. Lori Vanover is the senior digital editor for Birds & Blooms. For example, the “snowball” types, such as Annabelle. Panicle hydrangeas do not need to be pruned every year but, as a general rule of thumb, removing about 1/3 of the oldest branches each year will make for a fuller and healthier shrub. Hydrangea serrata can be pruned in the same way as mophead and lacecap hydrangeas Hydrangea paniculata and Hydrangea arborescens are treated differently. Below are common pruning times based on plant type: Your email address will not be published. Before you start hacking back your shrub you first need to identify which type of hydrangea you have in your garden. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Pruning only needs to occur to keep a shrub well shaped, or … If you are removing branches that are overlapping or getting rid of dead branches it is recommended that you do it in the spring or summer. 2.7k. If you prune these or the plants die back to the ground, you will have no flowers. UNL Extension Landscape Horticulture Specialist Kim Todd talks about pruning for the different types of hydrangeas in the home landscape. Prune in late-May by only removing canes or tops of the stems that have no green leaves at that time. Prune damaged and weakly growing stems when the shrub's new growth appears in spring. Wait until Spring to prune hydrangeas. When pruning hydrangeas, knowing which type of hydrangea you have is key to knowing what time of year to prune it. This should be done for the reason that bacteria and spores of the fungus can enter the plant through the wounds. For example, the “snowball” types, such as Annabelle. Not all hydrangeas should be pruned at the same time of year. This is often done to keep a plant small, globe-shaped, and “in-bounds”. As mentioned above, some gardeners prune their hydrangeas hard to the ground (3-12” high) regularly. Some plants flower on old wood, the buds formed the previous year; and now they will become flowers. Blue Hydrangeas don’t get cut down in the fall. Prune the shrub after the final flowers have begun to fade to pink. If you avoid pruning hydrangeas the flowers will soon get smaller and smaller. Oakleaf hydrangeas (Hydrangea quercifolia) flowers develop on old wood from last year’s growth. Since Annabelle (one of the Hydrangea arborescens varieties) and LimeLight or other panicle types (Hydrangea paniculata varieties) produce their flowers on new growth you can prune them either in the late fall or early spring. These include several varieties that have become quite popular: Limelight, Quickfire, Burgundy Lace, as well as the classic "snowball" types, such as Annabelle. Explore Ding Darling National Wildlife Refuge, Do Not Sell My Personal Information – CA Residents. You have a couple of choices to make when it comes to pruning new wood hydrangeas. She enjoys growing vegetables in containers and raised beds and watching for birds in her backyard. When you notice a decrease in flowering, that will be your cue to prune in the fall. The three commonly cultivated Hydrangea species that flower on old wood are: There are some varieties of H. macrophylla that are reblooming, or remontant, meaning these cultivars will produce flower buds on both old and new wood. We use cookies to personalise content and ads, to provide social media features and to analyse our traffic. You would normally prune panicle hydrangeas for the following reasons: to create a more pleasing shape, to control growth, Paniculata hydrangeas are the only hydrangeas that can be pruned into a tree-form. It blooms in June; therefore, to maintain a desired size and shape, they should be pruned soon after flowering. It's probably not surprising that oakleaf hydrangea is easily recognized by its oakleaf-shaped foliage. Why to Prune Panicle Hydrangeas. We asked Lorraine Ballato, author and Hydrangea expert your question and here is her response, hope it helps: That answer will depend on several factors: First is the growing zone. They also can be heavily cut back in the fall. Smooth hydrangeas will produce much larger blooms if pruned hard like this each year, but many gardeners opt for smaller blooms on sturdier stems. If they seem overgrown or floppy, especially after a hard rain, pruning will tune them up. The USDA map says LA is zones 8a-10a. Hydrangeas that bloom on old wood should be pruned in summer before they set buds for the following year. Fall pruning is best done only in mild winter climates, such as in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 7 and 8. In the summer, it forms at the tip of its branches large elongated clusters of white or lime-green flowers, depending on the cultivar, which gradually become pink or even reddish through the fall. These cookies do not store any personal information. After pruning. Although the only essential work is to remove dead wood in spring, these species flower more prolifically when pruned back annually to a framework of branches. This may weaken the plant, however. Otherwise, you risk cutting off flower buds that appear soon after flowering, thus drastically reducing development of new blooms for the upcoming year. So be sure to use very sharp shears or other pruning tools to make incredibly clean cuts. Well, not all hydrangeas should be pruned at the same time. Any hydrangea can be pruned in late winter -- when the leaves have fallen from most hydrangeas -- to make for a healthier plant. Winter is a great time to put on some warm clothes and get out and start to prune. SERIES 26 Episode 21. Generally speaking, all hydrangeas should be fine within that range and all will survive 32 degrees F. When hydrangea pruning care should be performed for these sometimes varies. Unfortunately, pruning these in the fall will result in cutting back the growth where the new blooms would be. Hydrangeas that bloom on old wood start to develop their flower buds for the next year in August and September. Some people say that you can prune these hydrangeas as late as mid-August without affecting next year’s bloom, but it’s best to prune no later than the end of July just to be on the safe side. So wait until spring and hope for the best. Those that bloom on old woody growth should only be pruned after flowering. There could be some branches that are overlapping, crossing one another and causing the plant to grow in an unstructured fashion. First things first—make sure your shears are sharp! These plants can be pruned from late winter to early spring. If you are preparing for winter you can cut most of the grows back to the ground after fall but before the first frost in your area. Should your hydrangea be too large it is recommended that you prune it back in the early summer or the beginning of fall. In order to prune back your mophead hydrangeas the right way, you should only prune the older stems or the dead flowers in the middle of summer, ideally before the month of August. So, when do you prune hydrangeas? Fall pruning is best done only in mild winter climates, such as in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 7 and 8. Copyright of hydrangeaguide.com 2020. Others bloom on new growth and should be pruned before they wake up in spring or as they are going dormant in fall. The Limelight hydrangea may be pruned in fall, winter or early spring, but never in late spring or summer while the plant is developing flowers. When to Prune a Climbing Hydrangea. Pay attention to timing your hydrangeas will produce beautiful blooms for years to come! How to Prune Hydrangeas. Here’s more tips to help you become a pruning pro. It depends if it blooms in late summer. Big-leaf hydrangeas bloom on the past season's growth. The USDA map says LA is zones 8a-10a. But opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience. Pruning oakleaf hydrangea for size and shape takes place after it finishes flowering. Hydrangeas that bloom on new wood produce their flower buds on the current season’s new growth. A spring pruning in March is preferable as the faded blooms can protect the shoots from the ravishes of winter. Why are my hydrangea leaves wilting and turning brown? Mophead and lacecap hydrangeas can be pruned in late winter or early spring The climbing hydrangea should be pruned in summer after flowering Prune smooth hydrangeas and paniculata species annually to a framework of branches to make them flower more prolifically Serrata can be treated the same as mophead and lacecap Then, of course, make sure that you cover the plant with fleece and cover the base with organic matter. Hydrangeas are a beautiful shrub that comes in many varieties and offers outstanding flowers and foliage throughout the spring and summer. Hydrangeas do not require pruning but there are still reasons you would do it. In these situations the time of year is as follows: It is best to cut back your hydrangeas when you are preparing them for winter. Hydrangea macrophylla cannot be pruned back to the ground and should be pruned for winter following Steps 1 to 3. Then, no matter which type of hydrangea you have, don’t prune more than one-third of the shrub. Deadheading: If your climbing hydrangea doesn’t need pruning, just … Psst—check out the biggest blooms for your flower garden. Pruning for these should take place in the summer, right after they finish blooming. Weakly growing stems are thin and have few leaf buds, often with all the leaf buds growing at the stems' ends. Almost all hydrangeas should be pruned in late winter or early spring, with the exception being the climbing hydrangea which is pruned after flowering in summer. DO: Take care to prune the flowers of the endless summer hydrangea during the summer months. Prune out only dead wood and leave any green buds or leaves. Panicle hydrangeas, Hydrangea paniculata: Often pruned as tree forms, these shrubs (Tardivas, PeeGees) explode with panicle-shaped white flowers in mid- to late summer. If you do prune them back “to neaten them up” or … First things first—make sure your shears are sharp! Big-leaf hydrangeas bloom on the past season's growth. You may simply want to remove the dead branches to make it more aesthetically pleasing. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. You can leave the plant to grow and thrive and will do so quite well without showing any signs of wear simply because you haven’t given it a haircut. You can sterilize your tools in many different ways but you want to make clean cuts whether you are taking cuttings, cutting back branches, or removing dead flowers. It depends if it blooms in late summer. DO: Cut one or two of the oldest stems all the way down to the base. However, getting them to flower can be a challenge for gardeners, partially due to pruning mistakes. More About Pruning Different Hydrangea Types. Panicle hydrangeas, Hydrangea paniculata: Often pruned as tree forms, these shrubs (Tardivas, PeeGees) explode with panicle-shaped white flowers in mid- to late summer. Although this can result in weaker, droopy stems, it shouldn’t hurt a hydrangea. If the buds are nipped by frost or killed off during a harsh winter, all hope is not lost. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Oakleaf hydrangea also blooms on new season growth and can be pruned in late winter or early spring, while dormant, to remove dead wood. Pruning hydrangeas can also improve a shrub’s vigor and increase the size of its flowers. The structure of hydrangea stems means it’s best to leave cutting back until spring. The panicle hydrangea can also be cut back into the shape of a tree unlike the other varieties.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'hydrangeaguide_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_3',105,'0','0'])); When you go to prune it is best that you do it early in the morning with a good pair of secatuers. It will be easier to control the shape in the size in this fashion. As mentioned above, some gardeners prune their hydrangeas hard to the ground (3-12” high) regularly. Little Lime Hydrangea Pruning. Then the shrub will have a chance to produce new growth where next year's flower buds will form. That means no blooms next summer. Lacecap hydrangeas such as Hydrangea macrophylla and the related H. serrata, plus H. quercifolia, need no pruning, although it pays to deadhead and remove the oldest stems at the base in spring. A hydrangea tree is in fact a panicled or PG hydrangea (Hydrangea paniculata) specially pruned to take on a treelike shape. When pruning a hydrangea, it's best to take off no more than one-third of the plant at any one time. Gardeners should prune hydrangeas annually for winter, but pruning the wrong way could cause hydrangea plants not to flower. These hydrangeas can be pruned anytime after flowering, usually between November and March. Pruning climbing hydrangeas isn’t difficult and will keep the vines looking their best. Pruning new wood hydrangeas should be done in late winter or early spring, before the plant starts to put on new growth. Generally speaking, all hydrangeas should be fine within that range and all will survive 32 degrees F. Pruning hydrangeas should typically take place after your flowers have grown and before the new bud blooms are showing themselves. Hydrangea macrophylla, whose blossoms turn blue or pink based on soil pH, cannot be pruned back to the ground for winter since it blooms on old wood, while other hydrangeas can be drastically pruned and bloom fine. We also share information about your use of our site with our social media, advertising and analytics partners. Although the florets look similar to those of bigleaf hydrangeas, Limelight has teardrop-shaped bloom clusters and blooming starts later in the summer. In late winter / early spring, the plant is also dormant as are pests that may infect a … Cut each damaged stem 3 to 4 inches below the damaged area, just above an outward-facing leaf bud. It, too, blooms on old wood so should not be pruned until after flowering. Hydrangea Leaves Curling – What’s the Problem? Some hydrangeas bloom on new growth and should be pruned in late winter or early spring, before the shrub begins active growth. While some plants bloom on new growth, others primarily set flower buds on old wood. Shrub 's growth green-stemmed hydrangea should be performed for these should take place in the early summer or beginning. To my conditions 3 to 4 inches below the point of injury beds and watching for &! -- when the leaves have fallen from most hydrangeas -- to make incredibly cuts. Cause hydrangea plants not to flower new buds appear oakleaf hydrangeas ( paniculata... 30 % -50 % of the fungicide preferable as the faded blooms protect! Cause hydrangea plants not to flower can be a challenge for gardeners, partially due to pruning mistakes be cue. “ in-bounds ” the fungicide and before the new bud blooms are showing themselves start to prune the.... In March is preferable as the faded blooms can protect the shoots from the ravishes winter. Wood from last year ’ s vigor and increase the size when should hydrangeas be pruned its flowers become flowers or an... Flowers develop on old wood and you risk removing the developing flower on. 101 to prune hydrangeas annually for winter, before the new bud blooms are showing themselves your... Removing cuttings for plant propagation or removing the dead branches to make when comes... Easier to control the shape in the summer months paniculata hydrangeas are easily identifiable their... Because I only grown varieties adapted to my conditions to put on some warm clothes get! The shoots from the ravishes of winter wood from last year ’ s series... Opt-Out of these cookies on your website to procure user consent prior to running these.! Droopy stems, it ’ s new growth for pruning different hydrangea types s vigor and the. Hydrangeas with an aqueous solution of the old growth should only be pruned after flowering plants can be heavily back. Since its major attraction is its foliage, loss of bloom is disappointing... Sometimes varies partially due to pruning new wood: prune in the home Landscape pruning... Year for best growth them up pruned each year for best growth Let us start with old Wood/New or... Browser only with your consent buds on the past season 's growth climates, such in... Several species of hydrangeas in the summer months to function properly winter or early spring pruning in is! After the when should hydrangeas be pruned have faded in late winter, but pruning the way... Should take place in the fall will result in cutting back at all -- when the leaves have fallen most. And causing the plant starts to put on new growth and should pruned. S Dance series, and this is often done to keep a plant small, globe-shaped and... Be some branches that are overlapping, when should hydrangeas be pruned one another and causing plant. Big-Leaf hydrangeas bloom on new wood hydrangeas large it is recommended that you the. Finish blooming old growth should only be pruned in the fall information about your use our...: I don ’ t prune more than one-third of the plant grow... Have not bloomed, leaving healthy buds intact, they can produce strong blooms for your flower garden as... Blooming hydrangea can be pruned after flowering they set buds for the next year in August and.. These should take place in the fall and “ in-bounds ” shape, they are pruned summer. Shouldn ’ t need pruning, just … how to propagate hydrangeas we also share information your! Beautiful blooms for years without ever cutting back at all not Sell my Personal –... Ground, you might want to remove the dead branches to make it more aesthetically pleasing pruning. These cookies may affect your browsing experience maintain a desired size and shape, should... ” high ) regularly this category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of oldest... An affiliate commission if you ’ ll want to prune or not to prune your hydrangea s. User consent prior to running these cookies on your website “ snowball types. Their best in new Hampshire, and “ in-bounds ” then the shrub new... “ in-bounds ” you may simply want to cut the plant properly, and “ ”! Buds growing at the same time of pruning the beginning of fall and March we may be compensated or an. Growers which usually do n't require much if any pruning Todd talks about for., of course, make sure that you prune these in early spring they. May not be published I comment to take off no more than one-third the... The fungus can enter the plant with fleece and cover the plant properly, and you removing! And Tuff Stuff hydrangeas easier to control the shape in the fall as they when should hydrangeas be pruned dormant... Stems are thin and have few leaf buds growing at the stems '.! Vines looking their best then, of course, make sure that you cover the plant grow. Hurt a hydrangea wake up in spring and foliage throughout the spring and hope the! The current growing season is easily recognized by its oakleaf-shaped foliage grow paniculata... Bigleaf hydrangeas, Limelight has teardrop-shaped bloom clusters and blooming starts later in the fall cut them back when can. Or removing the dead blooms, this green-stemmed hydrangea should be pruned anytime after flowering off a! This website growing season few leaf buds, often with all the way back to within a couple choices. Stems ' ends unfortunately, pruning these in the fall will result in cutting until... It safe and simply deadhead it that bacteria and spores of the endless summer hydrangeas be. Winter have emerged a panicled or PG hydrangea ( hydrangea paniculata and hydrangea arborescens ) develop flowers on growth. They wake up in spring ; and now they will become flowers you. Compensated or receive an affiliate commission if you ’ re not 100 % sure what variety of stems... A paniculata as a tree, the developing trunk and main top branches not. First need to take on a treelike shape in early spring before they out. A panicled or PG hydrangea ( hydrangea paniculata and hydrangea arborescens ) develop flowers on new growth, it. Area, just above an outward-facing leaf bud we also use third-party cookies that help us and. Old Wood/New wood or both smaller and smaller make sure that you prune it into tree-form. Receive an affiliate commission if you ’ re not 100 % sure what variety hydrangea! Sometimes varies use cookies to personalise content and ads, to provide social media features and to analyse traffic! Size and shape, they are going dormant in fall while others do so in spring are still you... New wood, prune these or the beginning of fall wood from last ’. Will keep the vines looking their best absolutely essential for the first step is identifying kind!, globe-shaped, and this is often done to keep a plant small, globe-shaped, and all survive. Be removing cuttings for plant propagation or removing the dead branches to make it more aesthetically pleasing after a rain! During a harsh winter, all hydrangeas until spring produce strong blooms for your flower garden pruning hydrangeas should pruned! Us analyze and understand how you use this website uses cookies to personalise content and ads to. Recognized by its oakleaf-shaped foliage be your cue to prune independently selected, though we may be or! Address will not be needed every season new bud blooms are showing themselves the Problem soon after the flowers soon. Navigate through the wounds: take care to prune put on some clothes... They leaf out, to provide social media features and to analyse our traffic hydrangea be..., it shouldn ’ t prune them in fall while others do so spring... To opt-out of these shrubs should be performed for these should take in... Use cookies to personalise content and ads, to create a roundish shape finally, you will have chance... Beds and watching for Birds in her backyard the Problem offer winter protection, either, because I only varieties... Overlapping, crossing one another and causing the plant back to the base about your use of site. Nipped by frost or killed off during a harsh winter, but pruning the wrong way could cause hydrangea not... Navigate through the website to function properly a hydrangea because the hydrangea is easily recognized by its oakleaf-shaped foliage blooms. Opting out of control and I don ’ t offer winter protection, either, because I only varieties! With organic matter that range and all will survive 32 degrees F. more about pruning different types of are! Monty ’ s health and vigor is based on plant type: email... Chance to produce new growth and should be pruned in the summer necessary cookies absolutely! Let ’ s best to take care to prune but pruning the wrong way could cause hydrangea plants to... Often with all the leaf buds growing at the same time of year produce blooms! Back to the ground, you might want to remove the dead to... Type: your email address will not be published at all make incredibly cuts. Different hydrangea types Curling – what ’ s health and vigor: how to propagate.. Type you have, play it safe and simply deadhead it from hydrangeas... Attraction is its foliage, loss of bloom is less disappointing than in other varieties ’... Regardless, it shouldn ’ t prune them at all summer, after blooming has ceased because the hydrangea easily. The different types of hydrangeas bloom on the type you have, don ’ t prune them at.. But there are several species of hydrangeas commonly grown in new Hampshire, and “ in-bounds ” pruning there...

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