US Government Printing Office Style Manual, a compelling case about why people shouldn’t be allowed to insist on a comma when the style says to leave it out, http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/16/ch08/ch08_sec088.html, http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/16/ch10/ch10_sec019.html, http://www.apstylebook.com/online/?do=entry&id=1827&src=AE, http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/GPO-STYLEMANUAL-2008/html/GPO-STYLEMANUAL-2008-5.htm, Grammar Girl's Quick and Dirty Tips for Better Writing. Note: This is an updated version of an article that originally appeard January 20, 2011. “Names of holidays, etc.” U.S. Government Printing Office Style Manual Online. This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. According the US Government Printing Office Style Manual, the official name of the holiday is Birthday of Martin Luther King, Jr. A personal monogram consists of three initials (first, middle and last names). for Bachelor of Science. http://www.apstylebook.com/online/?do=entry&id=1827&src=AE (subscription required. If your question about APA Referencing was answered in this post, please comment to let us know! Include the closing and signature block. thanks I have always been instructed that if they are signing with it then they must also include in initials. Guitarists Nick Wilby and Matt Lucey joined the band in 2019. The reverend John Smith would become J. A practical post today for anyone thinking of using initials in their author name. Common initials used may include B.A. Regards, Dax Cheng When authors have professional titles referring to their degrees, like Dr. or M.A., these academic credentials are never included in citing the author’s name. You'd better to write your name with katakana. c# regex. If you are writing to a personal friend or close business associate, you can leave out the courtesy title (Mr., Miss etc). I was persuaded. If you are a member of the public with a problem you feel could be resolved using one of these letters, it is important to seek advice to confirm whether judicial review is appropriate. For example, the Associated Press says not to use a comma before designations such as Jr. and Sr. and specifically does not include a comma in the name Martin Luther King Jr. Day. Knowing how to write a letter, especially formal letters, is essential in business and … Cite it. Instead, he gets to just use his name, and then the son is supposed to be the one who gets a special call-out as Jr. Once the father dies, again traditionally, the son drops the Jr. label and simply uses his name. A personal monogram consists of three initials (first, middle and last names). Write it. Use double space for short letters. In the mailbag, the topic of salutations in letters comes up at least a few times a week. Example: John A. Doe, Jr. Write the letter according to proper business formatting. For example, you might write Dr. Matt Rivers and Dr. Megan Merritt. Black, Sr.” A comma is used after the period following the abbreviation if the sentence continues beyond the name as the example above illustrates. She is an inductee in the Podcasting Hall of Fame, and the show is a five-time winner of Best Education Podcast in the Podcast Awards. “‘Jr.,’ ‘Sr.,’ and the like.” The Chicago Manual of Style Online, 16th edition. Abbreviations come in a few different varieties. You would first write the surname, followed by a comma and a space. , I'm an (American) college-educated native English speaker for over 50 years. The middle letter, such as the surname, will have a larger letter than the outer two initials. To abbreviate name suffixes such as “junior” and “senior,” the first and last letters -- “j” and “r” for “junior” and “s” and “r” for senior -- are written followed by a period. Step 1: Starting a formal letter You see it both ways. In other words, Thurston Howell III would only be “the third” if his father and grandfather are alive. One reason is that the official name includes a comma, but many of the major style guides omit the comma from the holiday name and say to omit commas before Jr. in names in general. Japanese language consists of three alphabets: kanji (pictographic characters imported from China), hiragana and katakana (phonetic alphabets developed in Japan). Inserting underscores doesn't seem to work: George_S_Cowan Any suggestions? This is required in formal letters. The practice of using an initial as well as a given name, as in J. Arthur Rank, Dwight D. Eisenhower is more widespread in the US than in the UK. I publish directories (last names first) and have had the question arise. The woman's first name initial goes first, then the surname initial in a slightly larger font and the man's first name initial in the same size font as the woman. First name, middle initial, last name. If BO's name on docs does not have Jr., SR., etc., then it needs to be included on the Signature Name Affidavit as an AKA. If a person uses Junior as his name, instead of abbreviating it, write it capitalized as a full word—just like a name or any other nickname. More Useful Resources. wikiHow's Content Management Team carefully monitors the work from our editorial staff to ensure that each article is backed by trusted research and meets our high quality standards. I will, […] Find out which styles require you to use the comma and which styles forbid it. Don’t use your middle initial In my years as a career services professional, I have found that approximately 90% of my clients are hell-bent on having their name appear on their resumes as follows: “George M. Smith” or “Susan W. Dingle” It ends up on the resume only about 5% of the time. You can also see writing paper templates to have a better idea of what to write in a letter. Note that if a person goes by the name “Junior,” and it is not being used as a suffix, the name should be written out and not abbreviated. accessed January 11, 2015). Leave one blank line between paragraphs, 2 Blank lines before the complementary close (i.e. "TW". If a man chooses not to use the traditional last name initial on his monogram, he may go for the traditional monogram of his first, middle and last initial. How do you write Jr using a first name with middle initial and last name end? She holds a Bachelor of Science in English and English/ language arts education and a Master of Arts in secondary English education from Auburn University. This rule applies to men, women, unmarried women and even children. Signed: George S. Cowan Spell your full name out, or accept the possible ambiguity of losing your middle initial. This abbreviation is used when a person’s given name is written in full such as John H. Smith Jr. List master's degree; Next, add the initials for the type of master's degree. … Typically, acronyms and initialisms are written in all capital letters to distinguish them from ordinary words.An acronym is pronounced as a single word, rather than as a series of letters. Jr. is considered a suffix. A man's initials usually don't change—the exception is if he and his spouse use a hyphenated last name after they're married. If not, there are many other sources of information on Writing Author Names in APA Style. Oxford University Press. ¶ Over 1.5 million copies sold! Reply by ML/PA on 7/25/07 3:40pm Msg #201766 Re: Do initials need to include Jr or II? Quick & Dirty Tips™ and related trademarks appearing on this website are the property of Mignon Fogarty, Inc. and Macmillan Publishing Group, LLC. If a misunderstanding occurs within a letter, the reader may discover that the person writing the letter was different from the person who signed it; the writer may have missed important elements the signer of the letter wanted in the document. If a man wants to choose that monogramming style, there are two popular ways to arrange the letters, either ordered from right to left with the first, middle and last initials or ordered with the first, last and middle initials. When speaking a name, you say "the third,” but when writing a name, you don't include the word the before the numeral. It was definitely the style in the past to use a comma before Jr., and that’s probably why the official name of the Birthday of Martin Luther King, Jr. includes a comma, but things have changed and current styles widely favor leaving out the comma. ¶ Over 1.5 million copies sold! Garner’s Modern American Usage also says it’s fine to leave out the comma before Jr., Sr., and the like and that to do so is logical. An acronym is a pronounceable word made up of a series of initial letters or parts of words the possessive, or the plural possessive is handled in exactly the same way as it is for all words which end in S. I would assume that the same hold true for the possessive plural of a set of initials… Most often, letters to judges are character letters written on behalf of a parent during a custody proceeding, or on behalf of a defendant prior to sentencing. Associated Press. ¶ It is the indispensable reference for writers, editors, proofreaders, indexers, copywriters, designers, and publishers, informing the editorial canon with sound, definitive advice. Add two blank lines underneath the signature block. In the rest of the world, and to some extent in the USA, they may not work. NASA, for instance, is an acronym. 3.24. Personal Monograms. In the United States, we celebrate Martin Luther King Jr. Day on the third Monday in January—at least that’s the common name for the occasion. Welcome to 「PIN KORO - YouTube」♪Thank you for the visit.Today's video is 「Very Easy!! Salutation: Although standard letters follow a formal salutation (eg: ‘Dear Mr Smith’), as you are writing to an employee that you speak to on a daily basis, it’s acceptable to address them by their first name (for example, ‘Dear Jane’). In my opinion, the first and second names are relative to the designation of Jr. or 111 or IV, not the last name. This abbreviation is used when a person’s given name is written in full such as John H. Smith Jr. The University of Chicago Press. If you love writing a lot of letters to your loved ones or friends then grant writing template is right for you. Copyright 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Education, How to Write an AP-Style Newspaper Article, How to Use Commas in Associated Press Style, How to Cite a Ph.D. ¶ It is the indispensable reference for writers, editors, proofreaders, indexers, copywriters, designers, and publishers, informing the editorial canon with sound, definitive advice. Recently Chris wrote to ask a question I had not heard before: If a person's full name ends in Jr. or Sr. If either person or both people are in the military, have a graduate degree, or are members of the clergy, write their title before listing their first or last name. Therefore, Vandervilt, William Charles Jr. or Vandervilt, William Charles IV. Add the typist’s initials in lowercase letters. Although the reasons for writing the letter may vary widely, the basic format for the letter itself is the same. Either the initial of the first or last name can be used. I’m not a very combative editor, so I still probably wouldn’t fight you about it, but Jonathon Owen, an editor who blogs at Arrant Pedantry, made a compelling case about why people shouldn’t be allowed to insist on a comma when the style says to leave it out. So, for example, you might write Dr Kinsey inste ad of Doctor Kinsey.Here Dr is an abbreviation for the word Doctor.Likewise, the phrase for example can sometimes be abbreviated to e.g.. Abbreviations must be clearly distinguished from contractions. Cite it. Kate Stone Lombardi: Take the League of Women Voters. After years of hard work gaining experience in a particular field, you want to showcase your success in completing a Bachelor of Arts degree. Using the letters The links below are to judicial review pre-action protocol template letters and are designed to be sent by advisers or legal representatives on behalf of their clients. The reason is that there are 2, not 3, major components to people's names: 1. Each has a distinct format you’ll want to follow. 8.88. Follow the abbreviation with a comma if there are additional degrees to list. Should you put a comma before it or not? Type the initials of the letter writer in capital letters, followed by a slash or colon. While Mrs. does refer to a married woman, according to The Emily Post Institute, Ms. is the proper way to address a woman regardless of marital status. … These initials offer a way for businesses to investigate issues regarding letters that a company sent. Title: M.D. Find it. Based in West Palm Beach, Fla., Emily Layfield has been writing and editing education-related work since 2009. Then you would write the first, or given, name, followed by a space and the middle name or middle initial. Jr., Sr., III, and so on are only used when you’re writing someone’s full name. Abbreviations. Write it. A doctor has a suffix of M.D. Although the reasons for writing the letter may vary widely, the basic format for the letter itself is the same. Find it. For example, if your name was John Doe, your initials would be J. D.Depending on whether or not you use your middle name or names, the initials of your name will generally be two or three letters separated by a period. Traditionally, when a child is given the same name as his father, the title “junior” is attached. Stone carvers use elegant spacing to define the names: —-—-John James Jr – Robert Hickey How to Write a Name on a Tombstone, Name on a Gravemarker, Headstone, Monument For suffixes like Jr., include them in the reference list, but do not include them in the in-text citation. If someone is referred to as "the third," you can use either the Roman numeral (III) or the Arabic numeral (3rd) after the name. How often have you come across forms that require you to enter your first name, middle initial, and last name? To get started, all you have to do is set up your teacher account. A bachelor's degree should be placed first after the name. It depends. http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/16/ch08/ch08_sec088.html (subscription required. This may seem like a minor point of detail, but how you format it can make a big difference to your discoverability, as I realised recently when searching on Amazon for an author whose name includes initials. I publish directories (last names first) and have had the question arise. People were more likely to put a comma before Jr. in the past than they are today. http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/GPO-STYLEMANUAL-2008/html/GPO-STYLEMANUAL-2008-5.htm (accessed January 11, 2015). David Durrett. U.S. Government Printing Office. In my opinion, the first and second names are relative to the designation of Jr. or 111 or IV, not the last name. But as Garner notes, the traditional etiquette rules are often ignored these days. thanks I have always been instructed that if they are signing with it then they must also include in initials. Nick has taken a leave of absence and Matt has taken over the guitar slot. Add the typist’s initials in lowercase letters. Reference initials are placed on the bottom of the letter page, formatted to the left side. The initials you choose along with color combinations and other features can all come together to create an item that is yours and yours alone. The initial publication date. In short, the general modern style is to write names such as Martin Luther King Jr. without the comma—that’s what you should see in private newspapers and websites—but if you write for a government publication or website that follows USGPO style, you should include the comma before Jr. Begin the typist’s initials line flush left. I would prefer to type my middle initial because there are others out there with my first and last name. Back when my kids were really little, they used to ask me to make them ABC’s worksheets so that they could practice writing their letters. ; Sr.; III; Etc.” Garner’s Modern American Usage, 3rd edition. You can also see writing paper templates to have a better idea of what to write in a letter. Begin the typist’s initials line flush left. In common writing, you would be A. Use a comma before and after an abbreviation in a sentence, except with the abbreviations Jr. and Sr. There are many advantages to simply stating your graduate status after your name, and there are many opportunities to do so that can further your career or offer extra accolades when needed in professional correspondence. Reply by ML/PA on 7/25/07 3:40pm Msg #201766 Re: Do initials need to include Jr or II? Here is a sample letter format that can be used as a reference to write your request letter in your own style. If a misunderstanding occurs within a letter, the reader may discover that the person writing the letter was different from the person who signed it; the writer may have missed important elements the signer of the letter wanted in the document. accessed January 11, 2015). “Holidays.” The Chicago Manual of Style Online, 16th edition. We’ll be back playing on Monday nights at the Leavitt Theater in May, 2020. accessed January 11, 2015). If the credentials support and enhance your qualifications for the job, put the letters after your name. Therefore, Vandervilt, William Charles Jr. or Vandervilt, William Charles IV. You would first write the surname, followed by a comma and a space. Answer (1 of 7): Your initials are the first letters of your each name in your full name written with a period between each. Write the letter according to proper business formatting. Miss is often used to address an unmarried woman, presumably a girl under the age of eighteen-years-old. Abbreviate academic and professional titles only when they follow a name or when they are used with the full name or initials and the last name. Copyright © 2020 Macmillan Publishing Group, LLC. If BO's name on docs does not have Jr., SR., etc., then it needs to be included on the Signature Name Affidavit as an AKA. These initials offer a way for businesses to investigate issues regarding letters that a company sent. If there is an enclosure, place the reference initials above the enclosure line, separated by … Do not place a comma before numbered suffixes: John D. Rockefeller IV Place a comma before Jr. and Sr.: Dale Earnhardt, Jr. The Chicago Manual of Style Online is the venerable, time-tested guide to style, usage, and grammar in an accessible online format. You never inject a title into the name, and the suffix is absolutely a part of my name, so anything else you want to add on will go at the beginning or the ending. When I wrote about this a few years ago, I got a lot of mail from people who objected to leaving out the comma, and I wrote a follow-up that said that although leaving out the comma is the current style prescribed by the major style guides, I’m OK with people being able to determine how their own name is formatted. Sincerely) and 3 to 4 lines for the signature. Already have an … Traditionally punctuation is not used on tombstones: no periods with middle initials; no commas after names or periods with sequence post-nominals like Jr or III. Middle initial: B. If the name of one person is presented inconsistently across works (e.g., sometimes a middle initial is present, sometimes it is missing), then reproduce the name as shown on the work in the reference list and write normal in-text citations without initials. Title at the End of a Name, The Chicago Manual of Style Online: Jr., Sr., III. As a noun, it refers to the letters to form an acronym or the first letter of a person’s first, middle, and/or last name.. As a wedding gift, my husband and I got a set of towels with our new initials. 10.19. Upon submitting this letter, you bank account will be linked / associated with the mobile number you give. It’s fascinating. If someone doesn't have a middle name, they often use a dual initial monogram or opt to use their last name initial only. One Initial. This term alleviates any guesswork. The father, on the other hand, is deemed “senior.” Roman numerals are used to denote names transcending three or more generations: Timothy G. Wallace IV, for example. Junior always comes at the end because it is the same name as the father. ... skipping any middle initials, Jr/Sr/III suffixes, etc. Black Sr.,” not “Richard A. She has appeared as a guest expert on the Oprah Winfrey Show and the Today Show. The Chicago Manual of Style gives the same advice on both fronts. If you love writing a lot of letters to your loved ones or friends then grant writing template is right for you. Looking for how to write a letter to your bank manger for registering your mobile number? There are no formal rules for a single-letter monogram. Note: Include initials in the in-text citations only to help the reader tell apart different people. It stands for National Aeronautics and Space Administration. 2009. p.555-6. The Chicago Manual of Style Online is the venerable, time-tested guide to style, usage, and grammar in an accessible online format. Then you would write the first, or given, name, followed by a space and the middle name or middle initial. A. When writing abbreviations associated with name titles, correct use of capitalization and punctuation provides clarity for the reader. You should read the entire section of Garner’s if you have access to the book. Formal letters. But what about other kinds of titles, like Captain or Reverend?According to Chelsea Lee at the APA Style Blog, the current APA Style guide specifies that almost all professional titles should be left out. “Jr. When do you use Ms.? “Martin Luther King Jr. Day,” AP Stylebook Online. Include the closing and signature block. Unless there is an enclosure with your letter, the reference initials will be placed on the bottommost line of the page. Example: Which is correct for Jack Russell: J.R. or JR? Degrees and Certifications (aka Letters After Your Name) When it comes to academic degrees, professional designations, licenses, certifications, and such, it's all about relevance. ... Mr. Tod Vincent Fadness Jr. is how my name would be fully written out. I guess back at the age of 3-5, kids are just so hungry for knowledge that even self-imposed homework is fun to them! Both acronyms and initialisms are abbreviations that are formed by combining the first letter of each word in a longer name or phrase. Sadly, Joe passed away in early 2019. One option is to treat the initials as a unit. for Bachelor of Arts and B.S. Opening paragraph: In the opening paragraph, you should get straight to … I am compiling an agenda, which includes the meeting attendees (each referenced by their initials). Type the initials of the letter writer in capital letters, followed by a slash or colon. Formal letters. Applicants who want to be considered for the National Junior Honor Society may need a letter of recommendation as part of their application. A suffix follows a person’s full name and provides additional information about the person. If the name is written last name first, it should follow this pattern: Last Name, First Name Middle Initial., Suffix. Write the person's official title before their name if applicable. Mignon Fogarty is the founder of Quick and Dirty Tips and the author of seven books on language, including the New York Times bestseller "Grammar Girl's Quick and Dirty Tips for Better Writing." When used in this context, the abbreviation is capitalized and a period follows it. To read a newspaper, you must know 2,000 commonly used kanji, hiragana and katakana, which are taught in elementary school and junior high school, along with the English alphabets. The University of Chicago Press. ; I know your first name, but what is your middle initial. This information is listed in order to provide the reader with an insight into when the text was originally published. Her popular LinkedIn Learning courses help people write better to communicate better. For example, a name is written “Richard A. Add two blank lines underneath the signature block. Each of the items of the agenda is then assigned to a person, with only their initials being listed. Writers have to contend with that tricky Jr. on the end of the name either way. An abbreviation is a short way of writing a word or a phrase that could a lso be written out in full. 6,500 Followers, 5,272 Following, 904 Posts - See Instagram photos and videos from INITIALS BY J (@initials_by_j_) Before writing a letter, consider the formality level of your letter: casual or formal. In the main text of your written work, use a suffix that is an essential part of the name—like Jr. or a roman numeral—when you cite a person’s name in full. Here’s what formal letter-writing involves. The two most interesting are that traditionally, a father doesn’t go by Sr. Most often, letters to judges are character letters written on behalf of a parent during a custody proceeding, or on behalf of a defendant prior to sentencing. In the mailbag, the topic of salutations in letters comes up at least a few times a week. To abbreviate name suffixes such as “junior” and “senior,” the first and last letters -- “j” and “r” for “junior” and “s” and “r” for senior -- are written followed by a period. Get more tips like this in The Grammar Devotional. I can use substrings to perform this check on the Initials field, but wondering if I can write a regular expression for it? You would use the initials in your prose or in your in-text citation and list the entry under the first initial in your works-cited list entry: You should choose this option if you have no way of knowing whether the initials represent a first and last name. Recently Chris wrote to ask a question I had not heard before: If a person's full name ends in Jr. or Sr. In short, the general modern style is to write names such as Martin Luther King Jr. without the comma—that’s what you should see in private newspapers and websites—but if you write for a government publication or website that follows USGPO style, you should include the comma before Jr. Garner, B. Check your students' knowledge and unleash their imaginations with Creative Coding projects. For example, John and Mary Doe would be MDJ with a larger D. Video of the Day Knowing how to write a letter, especially formal letters, is essential in business and throughout your career. http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/16/ch10/ch10_sec019.html (subscription required. In the past, a comma separated the last name from the suffix; however, most style guides no longer separate the last name from the suffix with a comma. For example, “Williams, Mark A., III.”. - … Garner’s has nearly three full columns reviewing the rules and etiquette that govern these labels, and there was a lot I didn’t previously know. ; As an adjective, initial is defined as existing or occurring at the beginning. In publications, for example, you shouldn’t refer to Bobby Jr. or Mr. Smith Sr. unless you are quoting someone who referred to Bobby or Mr. Smith that way. B. C., Jr. Initials are usually given with a period after, and then, the name or initials are separated from any titles with a comma. Some data has a shelf life and including the publication date will allow readers to determine if the source is dated or relevant.
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