According to Babur, the state of Vijayanagar was the strongest among them. Therefore, he has to rush back to his capital. His successors, Jahangir and Shah Jahan, made considerable additions to the Mughal province of the Deccan. Mughal’s Movement towards Deccan After decline of the Delhi Sultanate, many Sufi saints and other people in search of the employment had migrated to the court of the Bahmani rulers. But it was, in fact, no remarkable success of the Mughuls. But, there had arisen a new power in the Deccan by that time. Subsequently at this time rebellions took place in the North and the revolt of Mahabat Khan. There was a lack of political unity in the Deccan. In 1593 A.D., the Mughuls made their first attack on Ahmadnagar. During the reign of Akbar, he had led an expedition towards the Deccan states and had captured the fort of Ahmadnagar and the fort of Asirgarh. Akbar was the first among the Mughul emperors who planned to conquer the Deccan after completing his conquest in the North. Another reason to conquer was because of the lack of political unity among the warring Southern states. Deccan does not exist The country: is not at war; has an administrative technology of at least 20. is not a subject nation other than a tributary state. It kept both Babur and Humayun busy in the North. Deccan Policy • Last 26 years concentrated in Deccan • Tried to crush the power of Marathas • Annexed - Bijapur , Golconda • Difficult to administrate • It was failure 29. Aurangzeb, as viceroy of the Deccan, was desirous of effecting further expansion, but was prevented from fulfilling his objective owing to Shah Jahan’s opposition. TOS4. But before he could capture it, he received orders of Shah Jahan to raise the siege. In accordance with Aurangzeb’s Deccan policy, he annexed Bijapur and Golconda. Moreover, it also led to the growth of a new type of art popularly known as Indo-Muslim Art. Aurangzeb was an advocate of direct conquest of the Deccan states. Deccan Policy of Akbar. Shivaji, the Maratha, established an independent kingdom in Maharashtra at that very time when Aurangzeb was bent upon to conquer the entire South. Moving your capital is bad if you have a large capital for the final age objective, if you've optimised trade around your existing capital, etc. According to Babur, the Kingdom of Vijaynagar was the strongest among them. Aurangzeb failed to consolidate his success. Akbar was the first Mughal ruler who turned his attention towards the Deccan. The Deccan policy of Aurangzeb was misguided and impractical. This time Chand Bibi could not defend the fort of Ahmadnagar because of intrigues in her own camp. The five sultanates were of diver… The Mughal Empire at its zenith commanded resources unprecedented in Indian history and covered almost the entire subcontinent. Tripathi has commented- “It advanced the Mughul power no further than it had stood when Akbar left the Deccan.”. He launched an offensive attack against the Mughals. Indian history had proved it several times that the attempt to annex the South by the rulers of the North failed every time. Deccan Policy The Deccan policy of the Mughals started from the reign of Akbar, who conquered Khandesh and Berar. The Marathas rose against him and brought about the collapse of his Deccan policy. On the other hand, Fateh Khan reached an understanding with Shah Jahan and he captured the Sultan. During the Shah Jahan's reign, Aurangazeb, as governor of Deccan, followed an aggressive Deccan policy. Content Guidelines 2. He was not sincere to the Sultan or to the state. Prior to his invasion of the Deccan States, Akbar had sent four diplomatic missions towards the Deccan. The Deccan Policy of the Mughals was the conflict and diplomacy that take place between the Mughals and various states. Initially, the Sultan was put in prison but ultimately Fateh Khan got him murdered. The weakness of the empire was exposed when Nadir Aurangzeb, as viceroy of the Deccan, was desirous of effecting further expansion, but was prevented from fulfilling his objective owing to Shah Jahan’s opposition. Shah Jahan tried to take advantage of it. Both Raja Ram and Tara Bai proved equal to their task. Besides, Akbar was not happy with the Portuguese who were becoming powerful on the sea-coast of India. Later on, Ali Khan, ruler of Khandesh died fighting on behalf of the Mughuls against Ahmadnagar. Thus, the Deccan policy of the great Mughuls initially succeeded but, ultimately, failed. >>>>> >>>>> The failure of the Deccan policy of Aurangzeb participated in the disintegration of the Mughal Empire. Bijapur and Golconda were helping the Maratha power in Deccan. After Barhanpur was captured, they proceed towards the fort of Asirgarh which belongs to Khandesh, and captured it in 1601 C.E. Thus, there remained only the state of Khandesh, Ahmadnagar, Bijapur and Golkunda. Bijapur had failed to fulfil the terms of the treaty of 1657 A D. Therefore, Raja Jai Singh was deputed to attack it in 1665-66 A.D. Abul Hasan pleaded for a treaty with the prince and he agreed. Indian History, Medieval Period, Mughul Emperors, Mughul Empires. Aurangzeb waited for an opportunity and he got it when Mir Jumla, one of the most prominent nobles of the Sultan, quarrelled with him and sought protection from Shah Jahan. However, Babur and Humayun could not pay any attention towards the South. Shivaji died in 1680 A.D. but prior to his death he had succeeded in establishing quite an extensive kingdom in the South. Shah Jahan was guided by his personal ambition and he wanted to extend Mughal frontiers beyond Khandesh. Akbar, first of all, decided to conquer Ahmadnagar and he sent Prince Murad and Abdur Rahim Khan-i-Khana with a strong force in order to bring the Nizam Shahi Kingdom of Ahmadnagar under subjection. After Akbar consolidating his position in Northern and Central India, he decided to extend the boundaries of his Kingdom towards the South of the Vindhya Range. A slave who defied the Mughals 5 min read. Aurangzeb’s Deccan Policy-Aurangzeb 1636-44 in the time of Shah Jahan By the time the Sub-South remained as the Subedar and made Aurangabad the capital of the South Suburbs of the Mughals. They were employed in large numbers in the Maratha Army. But he could no longer pursue his career of conquest in the Deccan because of the revolt of Prince Salim in the North. To continue the policy, the Afghans also began to be welcomed into the Mughal nobility. The Deccan Policy of Aurangzeb was very aggresive. Most of the modern studies on the theme of relations of the mughals with the deccan kingdoms are centred around either on the deccan policy of the mughals or their political aims in the deccan. All these states were constantly at war with each other. Except Khandesh all other states refused. However, as Mughal was running short of provisions, they try to enter into a negotiated settlement. However, Akbar could not achieve much success in the Deccan as he had to rush back to the capital due to the revolt of Prince Salim. he too continued the Deccan Policy of his father. He gave importance to these two regions because the ports were located in these regions and were prosperous. But these studies do not fully explain the varied problems relating to the relations of the mughal empire with the deccan kingdoms. The sultanates had become independent during the break-up of the Bahmani Sultanate. The Maratha fought back for the independence of Maharashtra and, finally, succeeded. 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