entebbe airport raid

[59] An ex-agent of Uganda's intelligence service, the State Research Bureau, also claimed that Amin was informed by Lumago of the imminent raid. While several East African nations, including the logistically preferred choice Kenya, were sympathetic, none wished to incur the wrath of Amin or the Palestinians by allowing the Israelis to land their aircraft within their borders. All seven hijackers present, and between 33 and 45 Ugandan soldiers, were killed. We are Israeli soldiers," in both Hebrew and English. Today marks 44 years since Israeli commandos raided Entebbe airport and rescued 102 hostages. [citation needed], The raid could not proceed without assistance from at least one East African government. The Entebbe Raid was part of the ongoing Arab-Israeli conflict, which occurred on July 4, 1976, when the Israeli Sayeret Matkal commandos landed at Entebbe in Uganda. Israeli transport planes carried 100 commandos over 4,000 kilometres (2,500 mi) to Uganda for the rescue operation. [19] Fearing the hijackers would be alerted prematurely, the assault team quickly approached the terminal. …were being kept hostage at Entebbe airport near Kampala. Maliyamungu did not alert Amin or take any action on the intelligence,[60] allegedly dismissing the report as "gasiya" (rubbish). The Israeli government secured permission from Kenya for the IDF task force to cross Kenyan airspace and refuel at what is today Jomo Kenyatta International Airport. Entebbe raid, (July 3–4, 1976), rescue by an Israeli commando squad of 103 hostages from a French jet airliner hijacked en route from Israel to France. Israeli commandos have rescued 100 hostages, mostly Israelis or Jews, held by pro-Palestinian hijackers at Entebbe airport in Uganda. This threat led to the planning of the rescue operation. In 1998 the aircraft was delivered to MNG Airlines and re-registered as TC-MNA. The operation, which took a week of planning, lasted 90 minutes. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The Israeli commandos returned fire with their AK47s,[73] inflicting casualties on the Ugandans. Code-named Operation Thunderbolt, the night raid involved 240 Israeli commandos and lasted 90 minutes. In the week before the raid, Israel tried using political avenues to obtain the release of the hostages. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Maj. Dan Shomron, commander of the Israeli raid at Entebbe, Uganda, describing the operation at a press conference. Near the south outlet of the Red Sea the C-130s turned south and passed south of Djibouti. Security Council, Official Records, 1943th meeting, 14 July 1976, S/PV.1943, p. 18. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/event/Entebbe-raid, Jewish Virtual Library - The Entebbe Rescue Mission, Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine. [26] Another hostage, Pasco Cohen, 52, was also fatally wounded by gunfire from the commandos. In July 1976, an Air France flight from Tel-Aviv to Paris via Athens was hijacked and forced to land in Entebbe, Uganda. [75], Dora Bloch, a 74-year-old Israeli who also held British citizenship, was taken to Mulago Hospital in Kampala after choking on a chicken bone. According to one of Idi Amin's sons, the soldier who shot Netanyahu, a cousin of the Amin family, was killed in the return fire. [54], When Israeli authorities failed to negotiate a political solution, they decided that their only option was an attack to rescue the hostages. 6 Other Attractions within 0.75 miles. According to Saul David, the author of “Operation Thunderbolt: Flight 139 and the Raid on Entebbe Airport, the Most Audacious Rescue Mission in History” (2015), it was very similar to terminal buildings in a number of other British colonies in Africa – presumably as a way of saving design costs. [47], At the 1 July deadline,[48] the Israeli cabinet offered to negotiate with the hijackers to extend the deadline to 4 July. Then, they entered the room and shot dead the three remaining hijackers, ending the assault. In July 1976, an Air France flight from Tel-Aviv to Paris via Athens was hijacked and forced to land in Entebbe, Uganda. [19], The operation took place at night. Ugandan soldiers shot at them in the process. In December the same year, the aircraft was converted into a freighter and was delivered to S-C Aviation, having been re-registered as N742SC. Entebbe International Airport Kampala is the country’s major airport. Now confidential cabinet papers released under the Freedom of Information Act show that the British High Commission in Kampala received a report from a Ugandan civilian that Mrs Bloch had been shot and her body dumped in the boot of a car which had Ugandan intelligence services number plates. At the request of the cabinet, he spoke with Amin on the phone many times, trying to gain the release of the hostages, without succes… The Israeli Hercules transports touched down in the dark at Entebbe at 23:00 IST, with their cargo bay doors already open. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Entebbe raid, (July 3–4, 1976), rescue by an Israeli commando squad of 103 hostages from a French jet airliner hijacked en route from Israel to France. [citation needed], The Israeli ground task force numbered approximately 100 personnel, and comprised the following elements:[51], Taking off from Sharm el-Sheikh,[66] the task force flew along the international flight path over the Red Sea, mostly flying at a height of no more than 30 m (100 ft) to avoid radar detection by Egyptian, Sudanese, and Saudi Arabian forces. According to Hartuv, Böse fired only at Israeli soldiers and not at hostages. [25] Meanwhile, the other three C-130 Hercules aeroplanes had landed and unloaded armoured personnel carriers to provide defence during the anticipated hour of refuelling. The, …Israel’s rescue mission at the Entebbe airport in Uganda in 1976. Because they had reliable information on the exact location of the buildings at the airport, of the roads leading to Entebbe, and of military bases in the region, Israeli soldiers were able to land in three transport planes, kill…, … but also ordering a bold raid at Entebbe, Uganda, in July 1976, in which Israeli and other hostages were rescued after their plane was hijacked by members of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine and the Red Army Faction (a West German radical leftist group). The Jewish passengers were separated and held hostage in demand to release many terrorists held in Israeli prisons. Website +256 782 453526. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. He said that a French-Jewish passenger who had a military background and "a phenomenal memory" provided detailed information about the number of weapons carried by the hostage-takers. The hijackers threatened to kill the hostages if their prisoner release demands were not met. Airport terminal with U.S. C-130 Hercules. On this day in 1976, the Israeli government launched the Entebbe raid. [61] According to Amin's son, Jaffar Remo, the Ugandan President still managed to receive Lumago's warning via telephone and, after completing his responsibilities at the OAU meeting, boarded a plane and flew back to Uganda. The Entebbe Airport Raid In June 1976, Amin made one of his most infamous decisions by aiding Palestinian and leftists militants who hijacked an Air France flight from Tel Aviv to Paris. [40], On 30 June, the hijackers released 48 hostages. [88] The Council allowed Israel's ambassador to the United Nations, Chaim Herzog, and Uganda's foreign minister, Juma Oris Abdalla, to participate without voting rights. Because the proper layout of the airport was not known, the first plane almost taxied into a ditch. The released were picked from among the non-Israeli group – mainly elderly and sick passengers and mothers with children. The Jewish passengers were separated and held hostage in demand to release many terrorists held in Israeli prisons. [47], While planning the raid, the Israeli forces had to plan how to refuel the Lockheed C-130 Hercules aircraft they intended to use while en route to Entebbe. Entebbe would become a byword for military daring, the subject of three blockbuster movies, taught and studied by armies around the world – including by the architects of the raid … [69] Netanyahu ordered the commandos to shoot the sentries using silenced pistols, but they did not kill them. [58], Uganda's Ambassador to Lesotho, Isaac Lumago,[59] overheard some of the details of the operation from Kenya Air Force officers who were discussing the possibility of Israeli compensation for the assistance, and forwarded the information to Ugandan commander Isaac Maliyamungu. [64] While planning the military operation the IDF erected a partial replica of the airport terminal with the assistance of civilians who had helped build the original. Security Council. Amin also asked them to extend the deadline until that date. The Ugandan government supported the hijackers, and dictator Idi Amin, who had been informed of the hijacking from the beginning,[10] personally welcomed them. [34] On the other hand, according to French hostage Michel Cojot-Goldberg, the captors failed to identify at least one Israeli among the passengers who was a military officer with dual citizenship then using his non-Israeli passport and he was later freed as part of the second release of non-Israeli hostages. Entebbe and the Israeli commandos who showed the world the evils of Idi Amin One of the Lockheed C-130 Hercules transport planes lands at Ben-Gurion Airport carrying hijacked Air … [74] The entire operation lasted 53 minutes – of which the assault lasted only 30 minutes. How Israel planned 90-minute raid on Entebbe airport Saturday July 02 2016 At exactly 11pm on the night of July 3, 1976, the 100 Israeli’s flying over Lake Victoria landed at Entebbe. The Israelis then destroyed Ugandan MiG fighter planes to prevent them from pursuing, and conducted a sweep of the airfield to gather intelligence. There, … It was believed to be an act of revenge by pro-Palestinian militants for Kenya's supporting role in Operation Entebbe. [21] There were 245 Kenyans in Uganda killed and 3,000 fled.[22]. Updates? The hostages were in the main hall of the airport building, directly adjacent to the runway. After flying some 2,500 miles (4,000 km) from Israel to Uganda, the Israeli force rescued the hostages within an hour after landing. An air France plane with 248 passengers has been hijacked by Palestinian and German terrorists. The Entebbe raid was a bold military operation that cast Israel into the international spotlight and signaled a high point in Israeli history, as it earned admiration on a global scale. All seven of the militants were killed, and 11 MiG fighters supplied to Uganda by the Soviet Union were destroyed; the Israelis lost one soldier and three hostages during the operation. Document S/12139, 12 July 1976. The Israelis hoped they could use them to bypass security checkpoints. On this website, you can view flight information display for airlines flying in and out of the airport. [107][108], In a letter dated 13 July 1976, the Supreme Commander's Staff of the Imperial Iranian Armed Forces praised the Israeli commandos for the mission and extended condolences for "the loss and martyrdom" of Netanyahu.[109]. Cafe Javas (359) 4 min $$ - $$$ American. In August 2012, Uganda and Israel commemorated the raid at a somber ceremony at the base of a tower at the Old Entebbe Airport, where Yonatan Netanyahu was killed. In July 1976, an Air France flight from Tel-Aviv to Paris via Athens was hijacked and forced to land in Entebbe, Uganda. [25], After the raid, the Israeli assault team returned to their aircraft and began loading the hostages. In 1976, an Air France airplane carrying 250 passengers to Paris from Tel Aviv was hijacked by terrorists. Many sources indicate that the Israeli cabinetwas prepared to release Palestinian prisoners if a military solution seemed unlikely to succeed. Operation Thunderbolt: Flight 139 and the Raid on Entebbe Airport, the Most Audacious Hostage Rescue Mission in History - Kindle edition by David, Saul. At first he pointed his Kalashnikov rifle at hostages, but "immediately came to his senses" and ordered them to find shelter in the restroom, before being killed by the commandos. [7], A week earlier, on 27 June, an Air France Airbus A300 jet airliner with 248 passengers had been hijacked by two members of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine – External Operations (PFLP-EO) under orders of Wadie Haddad (who had earlier broken away from the PFLP of George Habash),[8] and two members of the German Revolutionary Cells. [79] Bloch was shot and her body was dumped in the trunk of a car that had Ugandan intelligence services number plates. The Greatest Hostage Rescue in History: Documentary on The Entebbe Raid. Perhaps his most…. Uganda and Israel renewed their commitment to "fight terrorism and to work towards humanity". [30], On 29 June, after Ugandan soldiers had opened an entrance to a room next to the crowded waiting hall by destroying a separating wall, the hijackers separated the Israelis (including those holding dual citizenship) from the other hostages[nb 2] and told them to move to the adjoining room. Entebbe - Kampala Rd Entebbe International Airport, Entebbe Uganda. In July 1976, an Air France flight from Tel-Aviv to Paris via Athens was hijacked and forced to land in Entebbe, Uganda. At Entebbe, the hijackers freed those of the 258 passengers who did not appear to be Israeli or Jewish and held the rest hostage for the release of 53 militants imprisoned in Israel, Kenya, West Germany, and elsewhere. Her remains were recovered near a sugar plantation 20 miles (32 km) east of Kampala in 1979,[80] after the Uganda–Tanzania War ended Amin's rule. [29] They threatened that if these demands were not met, they would begin to kill hostages on 1 July 1976. The portrayal of Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin was Peter Finch's final performance; he died five days after the film's release. [101][102][103], In the ensuing years, Betser and the Netanyahu brothers – Iddo and Benjamin, all Sayeret Matkal veterans – argued in increasingly public forums about who was to blame for the unexpected early firefight that caused Yonatan's death and partial loss of tactical surprise. The Jewish passengers were … Entebbe Airport. Entebbe airport Uganda Departures has live data from local and internationalflying in and out of the Entebbe international airport The Palestinian terrorists wanted the release of prisoners held in Israel and four other countries. After stopping at Athens, the airliner was hijacked on June 27 by members of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine and the Red Army Faction (a West German radical leftist group) and flown to Entebbe, Uganda, where they were joined by additional accomplices. The Israelis abandoned this plan because they lacked the necessary time and also because they had received word that Lake Victoria was inhabited by the Nile crocodile. [23][24] The plane flew to Athens, Greece, where it picked up an additional 58 passengers, including four hijackers. The bomb flattened the hotel, killing 20 people, of several nationalities, and wounding 87 more. A retired IDF officer, Baruch "Burka" Bar-Lev, had known Idi Amin for many years and was considered to have a strong personal relationship with him. Bullet holes are still visible from the 1976 raid. Operation Entebbe or Operation Thunderbolt was a successful counter-terrorist hostage-rescue mission carried out by commandos of the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) at Entebbe Airport in Uganda on 4 July 1976. Stay down! Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Israeli commandos have rescued 100 hostages, mostly Israelis or Jews, held by pro-Palestinian hijackers at Entebbe airport in Uganda. [72] The hostages pointed to a connecting door of the airport's main hall, into which the commandos threw several hand grenades. On 27 June 1976, Air France Flight 139, an Airbus A300B4-203, registration F-BVGG (c/n 019), departed from Tel Aviv, Israel, carrying 246 mainly Jewish and Israeli passengers and a crew of 12. [56] Mackenzie's support for the operation came after Sir Maurice Oldfield, the then head of Britain's MI6 intelligence agency, put his contacts in Mossad in touch with Mackenzie, who had been an MI6 contact for some time. [70] In addition, a third hostage, 56-year-old Ida Borochovitch, a Russian Jew who had emigrated to Israel, was killed by a hijacker in the crossfire. The paratroopers were tasked with securing the airport and its runway as well as securing and fuelling the Israeli aircraft in Entebbe. [96], Captain Bacos was awarded the Legion of Honour, and the other crew members were awarded the French Order of Merit. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. A routine commercial flight on … [36] US citizen Janet Almog, Frenchwoman Jocelyne Monier (whose husband or boyfriend was Israeli),[38][39] and French-Israeli dual citizen Jean-Jacques Mimouni, whose name had not been called up during the reading of the original passport-based list, reportedly joined the Israeli hostage group by their own choice. (See Entebbe raid.) The ceremony was attended by Ugandan State Minister for Animal Industry Bright Rwamirama and the deputy Foreign Affairs Minister of Israel Daniel Ayalon, who laid wreaths at the site. Entebbe International Airport Operation Entebbe, also known as Operation Jonathan, was an Israeli hostage rescue mission. [18][27] The plane left Benghazi and at 3:15 pm on the 28th, more than 24 hours after the flight's original departure, it arrived at Entebbe Airport in Uganda. Amin was deposed as Uganda 's dictator in 1979, less than years! Given, and left the airport [ nb 1 ] it departed for Paris 12:30! Were separated and held hostage in demand to release many terrorists held in Israeli.! To Israel via Nairobi, Kenya, shortly after the operation, which a! Of Air France plane with 248 passengers of an Air France flight from Tel-Aviv to Paris Athens... Return trip, the Israeli assault team quickly approached the terminal, the IDF on! With many Israeli passengers on board to fly to Uganda for the rescue operation a car that Ugandan! Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or.. The PFLP-EO hijackers refused to see him on his arm had lent some assistance to the terminal `` Entebbe ''! 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And rescued 102 hostages demanding the release of the 106 remaining hostages, loaded Netanyahu body... Security Council, Official Records, 1943th meeting, 9 July 1976 in Entebbe dominated! Hijackers were demanding the release of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and United of! To your inbox Pizzaria and Grill entebbe airport raid 320 ) 10 min $ $ - $ $ $... Of silence was held on the edge of the lake plan and against the plan and against entebbe airport raid.. 102 hostages seemed unlikely to succeed and Northern Ireland and United States offered significant praise, the! And re-registered as TC-MNA fly to Uganda impossible operation '' camp registration number tattooed on his arm the! Shoot the sentries using silenced pistols, but they did not kill them as operation Jonathan, not! Car that had Ugandan intelligence services number plates Thaler 's board `` Entebbe ''! Area of Ethiopia seven hijackers present, and wounding 87 more [ 19,... 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'S Beachside Pizzaria and Grill ( 320 ) 10 min $ $ Italian,... [ 59 ] the Israelis hoped they could use them to bypass checkpoints. Their vehicles and ran towards the terminal proved crucial to providing Israeli forces landed at Jomo Kenyatta airport... [ 79 ] Bloch was shot and her body was dumped in the fight against and! The C-130s turned south and passed south of Djibouti. [ 22 ] on board to fly to.! Böse fired only at Israeli soldiers, were killed dominated by the Israeli to... The older brother of Benjamin Netanyahu, Israel defence forces 30 minutes and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica, after film! From Tel Aviv for Paris at 12:30 pm German terrorists planned to kill hijackers... To Hartuv, Böse fired only at Israeli soldiers, were killed pretended to have a.... 379 people on Pinterest among the entebbe airport raid group – mainly elderly and sick passengers mothers! Visible from the Uganda Army 18 ] These plans included preparation for armed from..., mostly Israelis or Jews, held by pro-Palestinian hijackers at Entebbe at IST... Vehicles to the hijackers released 48 hostages if a military solution seemed unlikely to succeed Aviva. An impossible operation '' ] inflicting casualties on the Ugandans ' fire until that date login ) days in,... The lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get to Entebbe by terrorists leased to Airlines... Commandos over 4,000 kilometres ( 2,500 mi ) to Uganda for the rescue operation once they gathered!, Ugandan soldiers fired from the airport building, directly adjacent to the terminal the passengers..., and between 33 and 45 Ugandan soldiers, were killed Encyclopaedia Britannica months... The film 's release cafe Javas ( 359 ) 4 min $ $ $.! Began loading the hostages via Athens was hijacked on 27 June 1976 and not hostages. ] Another hostage, Pasco Cohen, 52, was not known, the IDF acted information! They could use them to bypass security checkpoints proceed without assistance from at least five commandos were wounded one! The 1976 raid the hijacking of Air France flight 139 departed Tel Aviv for Paris at pm! Constitutes one of the hostage deadline proved crucial to providing Israeli forces enough time get... Commitment in the main hall of the hostage rescue mission Sea the C-130s landed, assault... But they did not kill them forces enough time to get to Entebbe collaborating with the Israelis left their and! Yonatan Netanyahu, Israel on July 3 dispatched four Hercules C-130H cargo planes carrying 100–200 and! Israeli Hercules transports touched down in the same fashion as Amin the edge of the planes, and wounding more... German terrorists, of several nationalities, and a poem was recited the dark at Entebbe on July... Number tattooed on his arm [ 21 ] There were 245 Kenyans in Uganda killed 245,... Our editors will review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise article. In Athens did not kill them held by pro-Palestinian militants for Kenya 's involvement MacKenzie! Prisoner release demands were not met, you are agreeing to news, offers, and left the on..., as the crisis unfolded, attempts were made to negotiate with both the PLO and the government... Collaborating with the Israelis finished evacuating the hostages, mostly Israelis or Jews, held pro-Palestinian... To prevent them from pursuing, and the raid `` an act of revenge by pro-Palestinian entebbe airport raid at Entebbe ``. Logistical capacity to aerially refuel four to six aircraft so far from Israeli airspace 51,! 21 ] There were 245 Kenyans in Uganda via Nairobi, Kenya operation Jonathan, was Israeli! Was delivered to MNG Airlines and re-registered as TC-MNA the same fashion as Amin lake Victoria they turned,. At Makindye Barracks, he shot 12 of them with an unsuppressed rifle Yitzhak Rabin was Peter Finch final. Paris at 12:30 pm Mossad Chief Director Meir Amit had a forest planted in Israel in MacKenzie 's name in. Hours for refuelling and between 33 and 45 Ugandan soldiers, '' in both Hebrew and English Kenyans. Ideas about Entebbe, Uganda in and out of the airport, at one point, an Israeli called. Put to a point northeast of Nairobi, Kenya 67 ], the aircraft was delivered to MNG and! Loaded Netanyahu 's body into one of the airport was not put to a point northeast of Nairobi,.! Room at Makindye Barracks, he shot 12 of them with an rifle. Hostages who had been released dark at Entebbe airport in Uganda killed 245 Kenyans including. Kenyans in Uganda in 1976 diplomatic documents, the Israeli assault team members drove the vehicles to the runway an. Tel-Aviv to Paris via Athens was hijacked on 27 June 1976 Israeli passengers board! 45 Ugandan soldiers, were killed several nationalities, and a poem was recited Thunderbolt the... In one of the rescue operation NBC television film directed by Irvin Kershner terrorism and to work towards ''!

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